10 DVD Newbie Tips
Tip #1 set region for dvd drive
Tip #1 If you've never played a DVD in your DVD±RW burner or DVD-ROM with a software DVD player such as PowerDVD, WinDVD, etc. then your DVD Region is NOT set. It must be set otherwise you'll have errors when attempting to decrypt it.
To get to device manager do the following:
Right-click on My Computer and choose Properties
Double-click on your DVD burner and/or DVD-ROM
If you attempted to rip a dvd in dvdshrink, for example, you'd get a CSS encryption error until the region is set.
You have 5 times in Windows to set it to one of the 6 regions. When you have 1 more region setting left make sure you pick the correct one that your collection of DVDs is in.
Tip #2 Make sure DMA is set on all drives (hard drives, cd-rom, dvd-rom, dvd burners). If it's set to PIO it'll use almost all your CPU to transfer data and is a common complaint as to why it's taking forever or people exerperiencing buffer underruns while attempting to burn DVDs.
Double click on Primary IDE Channel and also Secondary IDE Channel
Verify all Devices 0,1,2,3 are all set to DMA. Notice for Device 1 there isn't any device so it's it's N/A.
Be sure to reboot for the DMA mode to take effect.
Tip #3 CPU Burn-in
Download CPU Burn-in v1.01 CPU_burn-in.zip 7KB
Many like to overclock their CPUs and they never have problems until they trying encoding with CCE, for example, or transcoding for an hour. Either the CPU will overheat and cause the computer to shutdown completely or other erratic behavior.
Try running CPU Burn-in for about 20 minutes or more if time permits. It'll stress test your CPU and system and determine if it's stable to handle processor intensive applications such as DVD backup encoding, etc.
Open task manager (right-click on taskbar) if you wish and you'll see the CPU at 100% constantly for the duration of the CPU Burn-in test.
CPU Burn-in ran and had no errors to report so the CPU doesn't overheat under heavy load.
Tip #5 NTFS and FAT32
Tip #6 DVD media (cheap vs. quality)
Back in 1996 blank CD-Rs were $6 a pop in Japan and you could get cheap CD-Rs for $2 a pop. I purchased a few $2 media and had to end up buying the $6 media. When CD-R media first appeared for the first couple of years you could have terrible burns and other problems related to cheap CD-R media. Nowadays it's almost a non-factor and almost any brand of CD-R (95% is my guess) works just great.
Fast forward to 2004 and DVD±R media has only been out a little over a year and it's just like deja-vu all over again. You really have to read the forums and see what others say and form your own opinion. There are so many dvd burners and various firmwares it's hard to say. Anyway here's my opinion (not fact) based on my own personal experiences.
Reliable media: 4X TDK DVD+R and 4X Fuji DVD-R.
Unreliable media: Memorex and Ritek (I had one good Ritek G04 4X 100 pack and one bad 100 pack which only burned at 2X max) and many others.
Tip #7 Ripping Speed of DVD-ROMs and DVD Burners
CSS = Content Scrambling System and is the protection used on Hollywood DVDs. Almost all DVD burners are locked at 2X or 2.4X CSS ripping speed. Lite-on DVD Burners are not locked and you can get 8X ripping. If you do have a DVD Burner that is locked at 2X CSS ripping speed your best bet is to buy a $30 DVD-ROM as a secondary drive.
Indicates ripping at 7.5X speed.
8X ripping will take about 15 mins to rip to your harddrive while 2X ripping will take about 45 mins.
Tip #8 DVD Backup software available
$45 (license tied to hardware)
DCS - DVD Copy
Suite EUR 39.95
DVD Copy $49.95
Split to two DVD±Rs
$39.00 affiliation with Elby CloneDVD
$39.95 affiliation with DVDFab
TitleSet Blanker freeware
DVD Read/Burn Speeds
4X (5,540KB) DVD speed = 36X (5,400KB) CD speed
P-UOPs (Prohibited User Operations) restricts user from accessing Title, Menu, FastForward, etc. Forces one to watch FBI warnings, studio promos, etc.
macrovision prevents viewing DVD via TV-Out on video card or copying DVD to VCR via standalone DVD player.
flipper main movie is on double-sided DVD. You must flip it over to continue watching. Gangs of New York NTSC RC1 is an example.
layer break "layer breaks are one of those misnomers (an inaccurate name) that has grown out of IfoEdit identifying clock discontinuities as possible layer breaks, as an aid to splitting a DVD.
A clock discontinuity is when the system clock reference (SCR), a running value used for synchronization, has been interrupted. Most usually it has been set back to zero because the 2 pieces of video were encoded seperately. The last "phantom" chapter of many movies is an example of this. It also occurs during a layer break sometimes, which is where it got its name. Playback is not seamless over a discontinuity in a lot of players, causing a pause. If the SCR has been replaced with a new continously inceasing value, the marks can be removed.
The true layer break code, six or more sectors of all zero bytes, is removed by the DVD reader, and never seen by PC software." --by mpucoder
Region Code Protection DVD must be same region as standalone
DVD player. Commonly referred to as RC1, RC2, RC3, etc.
RCE (Region Code Enhancement) region protection in addition to restricting playback only for DVD player in the same region as the DVD it also checks if your DVD player has been made 'region free' which is usually done with hacked firmware.
Tip #10 install an ASPI layer